Протези.БГ - Национален център за протезиране и рехабилитация Горна Баня

Types of prostheses

Prosthetics lower extremity prosthetics

Loss of lower limb has a profound impact on a person's ability to move throughout his subsequent life. Prosthesis is a term used in the medicine. It means artificial functionally similar human part that replaces the one missing or removed from the body due to illness.

Our team works to restore mobility by combining a number of modern modular prosthetic components for the comfort of the patient. We know that it is the comfort of utmost importance to you.


Consist of a reception socket, knee unit bearing unit and foot encased in a body similar cosmetics. There are different types of accepting sockets for the different types of stumps. Socket of the femoral prosthesis must perform the following tasks and provide:

  • proper anatomical and biomechanical placement of the stump in the prosthesis
  • reliable attachment of the prosthesis to the stump
  • proper distribution of internal and external pressures
  • safe operation of the prosthesis


Consist of a reception socket, abutment and foot.

Transtibial modular prosthesis consists of theso called two sockets. One socket is soft /internal/ which is made individually according to the shape of the stump from extremely smooth material that fits snugly and do not harm the stump.  The other - the outer socket is tough. The feet vary to the degree of activity of the patient.


Disarticulation is one of the more complex amputations reflective later in the prosthetics. Prostheses in case of amputation of the hip joint are attached to the body using special corsets or belts. It consists of a reception socket covering the body, knee module, foot. Training in walking with such a prosthesis requires more attention and patience. Exertion in these patients is high, but with a little more effort the required result is achieved. Nothing is impossible!

Prosthetic of the upper limbs

Prostheses upper limbs must perform the most important functions of the lost limb - opening and closing of the wrist, i.e. grip, grasp and release of objects. The choice of prosthesis and the convening using it is a serious task. Our specialists will help you to meet this challenge easier by a comprehensive program focusing on functional, psychological and occupational needs of each patient.

There are two types of prostheses for the upper limbs: passive and active. Passive include cosmetic prostheses, which serve only to restore the appearance.

Active prostheses in turn are divided into mechanical and bioelectric.

Mechanical prostheses simultaneously solve two problems: social and work. Wrist of the mechanical prosthesis recreates as far as possible, the natural appearance of the hand, which gives confidence and comfort to the patient in his social contacts and also performs functions of grip and holding objects.